How the Bible Became Holy

Michael L. Satlow

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In this startling reinterpretation of biblical history, a leading scholar shows how the Bible became the sacred text it is today

In this sweeping narrative, Michael Satlow tells the fascinating story of how an ancient collection of obscure Israelite writings became the founding texts of both Judaism and Christianity, considered holy by followers of each faith. Drawing on cutting-edge historical and archeological research, he traces the story of how, when, and why Jews and Christians gradually granted authority to texts that had long lay dormant in a dusty temple archive. The Bible, Satlow maintains, was not the consecrated book it is now until quite late in its history.

He describes how elite scribes in the eighth and seventh centuries B.C.E. began the process that led to the creation of several of our biblical texts. It was not until these were translated into Greek in Egypt in the second century B.C.E., however, that some Jews began to see them as culturally authoritative, comparable to Homer’s works in contemporary Greek society. Then, in the first century B.C.E. in Israel, political machinations resulted in the Sadducees assigning legal power to the writings. We see how the world Jesus was born into was largely biblically illiterate and how he knew very little about the texts upon which his apostles would base his spiritual leadership.

Synthesizing an enormous body of scholarly work, Satlow’s groundbreaking study offers provocative new assertions about commonly accepted interpretations of biblical history as well as a unique window into how two of the world’s great faiths came into being.

Michael L. Satlow is Professor of Religious Studies and Judaic Studies at Brown University. He lives in Providence, RI.

“Satlow proposes new, interesting, and controversial answers to how and when the Bible received its authority as a ‘holy’ book. Impressive in its scope, daring in its claims, masterful in its scholarship, Satlow’s analysis reaches surprising historical conclusions that will challenge readers about how they understand the Bible—its origin, its character, and above all its status as a sacred collection of books, the ‘authoritative’ canon of Scripture.”—Bart D. Ehrman, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

“Michael Satlow gracefully challenges fundamental assumptions about the nature of Biblical authority in this powerful and important book. Prepare for a fascinating exploration of the changing ways in which Jews and Christians encountered the holy in divine oracles, sacred books, and the people who interpret them.”—Karen L. King, Harvard University

How the Bible Became Holy is a lucid, learned and elegant guide to the history and ideas that gave us our holy books and changed the world.”—Rabbi David Wolpe, Sinai Temple, author of Why Faith Matters

“Satlow is extremely well-versed in the scholarship and he very innovatively interprets known sources and arranges his interpretations coherently. This is a book that will shake the field.”—Evyatar Marienberg, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

“This remarkable book will change the way you think about the Bible.”—A.J. Jacobs, author of The Year of Living Biblically

“Thorough and impressive.”—Rathe Miller, Philadelphia Inquirer

“The author’s knowledge and his resources, both literary and archaeological, are vast. . . . Regardless of the reader’s familiarity with the material, the author’s expertise cannot be doubted.”—Kirkus Reviews

“Raises vital questions about one of the most important books in history. . . . [Satlow's] command of the broad outline of ancient history in this region impresses. . . . To articulate the intricacies of the Bible’s history would overwhelm most historians. It is a complex story, but one that Satlow narrates with bold ingenuity and conviction.”—Timothy Michael Law, Los Angeles Review of Books

How the Bible Became Holy traces how Jewish texts in circulation across many centuries in the ancient world came to assume religious authority. Many of [Satlow's] findings were revelatory to me."—Howard Freedman, JWeekly Off the Shelf

“An engaging book with an innovative thesis. . . . Satlow forces us to reexamine what we know (versus what we think we know) about these issues in a fresh and interesting way.”—Ronald Hendel, H-Net Reviews

“[An] informative, popularly written book.”—Philip Davies, Theology.

“It takes a brave man to challenge the received wisdom about how the Bible gained authority among the faithful. Satlow offers wonderful accounts of how specific texts emerged, treating the bible as a crucial but troublesome historical source. . . . [I]f you require proof that Satlow takes the bible seriously, you should read his thought-provoking book.”—Jonathan Wright, Catholic Herald

“[Satlow] writes for the biblically adventurous and curious reader . . . the sheer range of ideas here [is] dazzling.”—Alice Camille, U.S. Catholic

“Bridging the modern world with the [late] antique is no easy task. . . . [W]e can admire Satlow’s confidence in asking the dynamic questions necessary for such an enterprise.”—Krista N. Dalton, Religion

“Satlow, professor of religious studies and Judaic studies at Brown University, concludes that there is nothing natural about a community based on the writing or reading of texts.”—New Testament Abstracts

“[Satlow’s] ability to trace a single thread of biblical authority through such expansive terrain should be commended.”—Gregory S. Paulson, Reviews of the Enoch Seminar
ISBN: 9780300171921
Publication Date: April 28, 2015
368 pages, 6 1/8 x 9 1/4
25 b/w illus.