Woman the Gatherer

Edited by Frances Dahlberg

View Inside Price: $29.00


September 10, 1983
264 pages, 5 1/2 x 8 1/4
ISBN: 9780300029895
Paper

Studies of human evolution and prehistory that use the concept “man the hunter” assign a crucial role to hunting in the formation of our species.  This emphasis on male activities in the human adaptation neglects the female’s role in evolution.  To redress the balance, Frances Dahlberg has here assembled six new essays, based on original research, which review the likely paths of human evolution and discuss the roles and activities of women in prehistoric groups and among contemporary hunter-gatherers.  Guided by the new consciousness about women and using the most recent available data, the authors of this book provide a distinctive anthropological treatment of the question, What is woman (and man)?
W.C. McGrew begins by applying sociobiological ideas to chimpanzee data for a speculative reconstruction of our past.  Adrienne L. Zihlman widens this discussion to include data from biology, anatomy, and living peoples.  Four chapters on contemporary foraging societies follow: Agnes A. Estioko Griffin and P. Bion Griffin on the Agta of the Phillippines, Catherine H. Berndt on the Australian Aborigines.  Colin M. Turnbull on the Mbuti pygmies of Zaire, and Henry S. Sharp on the Chipewyan Indians of northwestern Canada.  These close examinations of women’s activities reveal the diversity of their contributions and question accepted views of the importance of aggression and economic control in enhancing status and of maternity in reducing status.  Woman, in her many roles, cooperates with man to create the uniquely flexible and interdependent social organization of our species. 

"Refreshing and challenging. . . . Woman the Gatherer will certainly help clear up some of the misconceived notions that are all too popular in society."—Richard E. Leakey

"An indispensable contribution to our better understanding of the evolution of our species, and particularly its better half."—Ashley Montagu

"The book proves to be an asset to the promotion and understanding of the role of women in human evolution as well as in contemporary hunter-gatherer societies."—R. E. Freese, Sociology

"Excellent beginning required reading for a course on the anthropology of women."—Jane B. Lancaster, Ethology and Sociobiology

"Covers an extremely well-selected range of topics. . . . These articles provide a rare opportunity for looking at the ecological-economic roles of women and men hunting and gathering from an evolutionary perspective, preagriculture and postagriculture, and in the tropics as contrasted with the subarctic. . . . The total range of information, even the article order itself, provides a most intriguing suggestion regarding possible innovative sequence and ecological specialization during human history and evolution."—Nancy Makepeace Tanner, American Anthropologist