Matisse's Sculpture

The Pinup and the Primitive

Ellen McBreen

View Inside Price: $45.00


October 14, 2014
228 pages, 9 x 11
50 color + 100 b/w illus.
ISBN: 9780300171037
Cloth

Long perceived as a side pursuit to his celebrated painting career, Henri Matisse’s sculpture receives an overdue critical examination in this book. Beginning in 1906, soon after the artist acquired his first African sculpture, Matisse found inspiration in erotic and ethnographic photography, which had become inexpensively mass-produced thanks to advances in halftone technology. Working with these two radically different depictions of the body—one hand carved, the other mechanically made—was a foundational method for Matisse and crucial to the development of his pre-World War I abstraction.

Far from a simple narrative of the artist “discovering” Africa, the highly original readings of Matisse’s Sculpture plot new coordinates of study for early 20th-century primitivism. It examines the larger constructs of thought at the time, with a penetrating analysis of anthropology, popular erotica, and the visual culture of French colonialism. In addition, the book repositions Matisse’s sculptural practice, particularly in regard to its investigations of race and sexuality, as a cornerstone of his prolific career.


Ellen McBreen is assistant professor in the department of art and art history at Wheaton College in Norton, Massachusetts.


“A new account of the generally underappreciated, three-dimensional work of the Fauve master, [aiming] to establish the sources of Matisse’s sculpture both in photographic images of nude women and in African sculpture. The author argues that Matisse sought to fuse the two seemingly incompatible sources to generate an image of raw sensuality that broke with the conventions of the Western artistic tradition. . . . McBreen’s careful, thoughtful, formal analyses of Matisse’s sculpture prevent this book from becoming an exercise in mere iconography.”—Choice