Undoing Optimization

Civic Action in Smart Cities

Alison B. Powell

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A unique examination of the civic use, regulation, and politics of communication and data technologies

City life has been reconfigured by our use—and our expectations—of communication, data, and sensing technologies. This book examines the civic use, regulation, and politics of these technologies, looking at how governments, planners, citizens, and activists expect them to enhance life in the city. Alison Powell argues that the de facto forms of citizenship that emerge in relation to these technologies represent sites of contention over how governance and civic power should operate. These become more significant in an increasingly urbanized and polarized world facing new struggles over local participation and engagement. The author moves past the usual discussion of top-down versus bottom-up civic action and instead explains how citizenship shifts in response to technological change and particularly in response to issues related to pervasive sensing, big data, and surveillance in “smart cities.”

Alison B. Powell is associate professor of media and communication at the London School of Economics and Political Science and is affiliated with the Ada Lovelace Institute. She lives in London, England.

“Erudite and thought-provoking, Undoing Optimization makes a compelling argument for another type of smart city, one where civic action extends beyond the logics of technology companies.”—Rob Kitchin, Maynooth University Social Science Institute
 

Undoing Optimization charts the complex intersections of smart cities and civic action. By deftly examining imaginaries of technological systems and citizenship, Powell contributes an important study in urban optimization.”—Jennifer Gabrys, author of How to Do Things with Sensors

“Alison Powell’s Undoing Optimization shows us the place where urban technologies and opaque policy meet the prerogatives of an empowered citizenry and the irrepressible truth of the broader, nonhuman world. Pushing past the shallow rhetoric of optimization, Powell offers a technosocial imaginary big and generous enough to hold our dreams of the city yet to come.”—Adam Greenfield, author of Radical Technologies: The Design of Everyday Life
 

"An unflinching critical account of the rise of the ‘optimized city’—of the urban spatial extraction and modeling of data for optimization by private commercial and governmental authorities.”—Louise Amoore, author of Cloud Ethics: Algorithms and the Attributes of Ourselves and Others
 

“Global upheaval has revealed the fragility and malleability of our urban and communication networks. Alison Powell reminds us that citizens have the power to build new systems embodying progressive politics.”—Shannon Mattern, author of Code and Clay, Data and Dirt: Five Thousand Years of Urban Media  
 

“This is an essential book for anyone concerned with how cities of tomorrow can work, and who they can work for.”—Mark Graham, coauthor of The Gig Economy: A Critical Introduction
 
ISBN: 9780300223804
Publication Date: April 13, 2021
224 pages, 5 1/2 x 8 1/2