A fascinating look at modernist urban planning and spatial theories in Brazilian 20th-century art and architecture
Exploring the intersections among art, architecture, and urbanism in Brazil from the 1920s through the 1960s, Adrian Anagnost shows how modernity was manifested in locally specific spatial forms linked to Brazil’s colonial and imperial past. Discussing the ways artists and architects understood urban planning as a tool to reorganize the world, control human action, and remedy social problems, Anagnost offers a nuanced account of the seeming conflict between modernist aesthetics and a predominately poor and historically disenfranchised urban public, with particular attention to regionalist forms of urban development. Organized as a series of case studies of projects such as Flávio de Carvalho's performative urbanism, the construction of the Ministry of Education and Public Health building, Lina Bo and Pietro Maria Bardi's efforts to modernize Brazilian museums, and Hélio Oiticica's interstitial works, this study is full of groundbreaking insights into the ways that modernist theories of urbanism shaped the art and architecture of 20th-century Brazil.
Adrian Anagnost is Jessie Poesch Assistant Professor in the Newcomb Art Department at Tulane University.
“Anagnost has done a superb job of reuniting the discussions of art and architecture, reminding us of the intense exchanges between people working on different media and at different scales.”—Fernando Luiz Lara, Art Journal
“The case studies that Anagnost assembles in this elegantly written book allow us to perceive a different landscape of artistic production as it takes place across the twentieth century. Spatial Orders, Social Forms ultimately offers insightful reevaluations of some of the most canonical moments of Brazilian art history alongside lesser-known public works.”—Aleca Le Blanc, Art Bulletin
“Spatial Orders, Social Forms is a much-needed account and reconsideration of the many important works, ideas, and social intentions of twentieth century Brazilian art, architecture, and space.”—Luis E. Carranza, author of Modern Architecture in Latin America: Art, Technology, and Utopia
“Not only very original but also a very necessary, long overdue, and refreshing corrective of ingrained and perceived ideas about Brazilian modernism.”—Anna Indych-López, The Graduate Center & City College (CUNY)